Reading Strategies for Younger Students

  • What To Do If Your Child Doesn't Know a Word

    1.  Give some wait time.

    2.  Remind your child to look at the picture.

    3.  Talk about what is going on in the story.

    4.  Be sure to look at the first and last letters of the word.

    5.  Go back and read the line again.  Use context clues.

    6.  Make sure to keep eyes ON the print and the pictures.  (No looking up!)

    7.  Give your child a few choices of what the word might be and ask them to check and see if it makes sense.

    **Don't do anything for your child that he/she can do alone.

    ***Be careful about saying "sound it out."  This term can cause confusion and often leads children to ignore other strategies needed for decoding and comprehending new text.

    Processing a Written Text

    Reading and understanding written text is a complicated process that involves a variety of skills.  Below are three ways of thinking and strategic actions that support each way.

    1.  Thinking Within the Text involves the following...

    -Solving Words - using a range of strategies to take words apart and understand what words mean.
    -Monitoring & Correcting - checking whether reading sounds right, looks right, and makes sense, and working to solve problems.
    -Searching for & Using Information - searching for and and using all kinds of information in a text.
    -Summarizing - putting together and remembering important information and disregarding irrelevant information while reading.
    -Maintaining Fluency - understanding information that results in expressive, phrased reading.
    -Adjusting - reading in different ways as appropriate to the purpose for reading and type of text.

    2.  Thinking Beyond the Text involves the following...

    -Predicting - using what is known to think about what will follow while reading.
    -Making Connections - searching for and using connections to knowledge gained through personal experiences, learning about the world, and reading other texts.
    -Inferring - going beyond the literal meaning of a text to think about what is not stated but is implied by the writer.
    -Synthesizing - putting together information from the text and from the reader's own background knowledge in order to create new understandings.

    3.  Thinking About the Text involves the following...

    -Analyzing - examining elements of a text to know more about how it is constructed and noticing aspects of the writer's craft.
    -Critiquing - evaluating a text based on the readers' personal, world, or text knowledge and thinking critically about the ideas in it.

    - Taken from Fountas & Pinnell Leveled Literacy Intervention System.

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